The Mérieux Foundation started working in Madagascar in 2006, when it began the ongoing RESAMAD project to create a national hospital laboratory network and provide technical support for diagnosis and surveillance of infectious diseases in 15 public and private hospitals. Since then, the Mérieux Foundation has renovated nine clinical biology laboratories, and has set up bacteriology units at multiple hospitals across the country.
In 2010, the Mérieux Foundation built a Rodolphe Mérieux Laboratory (LRM) at the Charles Mérieux Center for Infectious Disease at the University of Antananarivo, which partners with the GABRIEL network and researches leprosy, chromomycosis and sporotrichosis, multidrug-resistant bacteria, bacterial meningitis, and human papillomavirus (HPV). This laboratory has participated in the Mérieux Foundation’s self-evaluation and training program to equip itself for ISO 15189 international accreditation.
The Charles Mérieux Center for Infectious Disease was recognized in 2016 as the national reference laboratory for leprosy, which remains a major public health concern in Madagascar. It also monitors intestinal schistosomiasis, bacterial meningitis, and HIV viral load testing, along with other GABRIEL member laboratories.