The Mérieux Foundation has worked with partners in China since 2006. In 2008, the Christophe Mérieux Laboratory (CML) was inducted into the Institute of Pathogen Biology at the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS) in Beijing. As a member of the GABRIEL network, the CML focuses on pneumonia and tuberculosis research, and takes part in the China Against Drug Resistance (CARE) project to support rational use of antibiotics and control of hospital-acquired infections.
Since 2009, the Mérieux Foundation has partnered with the Chinese Ministry of Health and the National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory at the Chinese Center for Disease Control to improve local capacity and decentralize the diagnosis of tuberculosis and detection of drug resistance.
In 2014, the Mérieux Foundation became the third international foundation to be officially recognized by the Chinese Ministry of Health.