The Mérieux Foundation has been working in Bangladesh since 2009. In 2015, it built a Rodolphe Mérieux Laboratory (LRM) in Chittagong (with BSL-1, BSL-2 and BSL-3 laboratory capabilities) within the Bangladesh Institute of Tropical and Infectious Diseases. The LRM conducts both routine clinical testing and specialized analyses.
The LRM also conducts research on infectious diseases of local importance. As members of the GABRIEL network, the LRM, icddr,b, and Institute for Developing Science and Health Initiatives (ideSHi) conduct local and multi-centric research on tuberculosis and typhoid. Their current tuberculosis research initiatives include a study on TB transmission in Bangladeshi prisons, a project to improve TB diagnosis with QuantiFERON and HBHA tests, and a project to validate biomarkers that provide an early indication of effective TB treatment. With support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, they are also working to create and validate a new typhoid screening test that uses blood samples. Finally, in response to the recent epidemic in Brazil, the Bangladeshi GABRIEL members are researching the antibody response to Zika and its role in the development of Guillain-Barré syndrome.